65 years Old : The Maximum Youthful Age Declared by WHO for Outright Increasing in Life Expectancy across the Globe
The increase in average life expectancy since the 20th century marks a new dawn to human health capacity and the process of optimizing opportunities for health,participation and security in order to enhance quality of life as people age ; as before based on the cordially societies act(1875), in Britain old age was defined by 50years. In japan, most of babies born in (1900) does not live beyond 50years,but life expectancy at birth now exceeds 83 years. Less developed regions of the world have experienced a steady increase in life expectancy since World War II, although not all regions have shared in these improvements. One notable exception is the fall in life expectancy in many parts of Africa because of deaths caused by the HIV/AIDS epidemic.The most dramatic and rapid gains occurred in East Asia, where life expectancy at birth increased from less than 45years in 1950 to more than 74 years today.These improvements are part of a major transition in human health spreading around the globe at different rates.Although UN has not adopted a standard criterion but lately 60years old was referred as the border age to the word “old”.
(Richard S. and Beard J. 2011) “The world is facing a situation without precedent: We soon will have more older people than children and more people at extreme old age than ever before. As both the proportion of older people and the length of life increase throughout the world, key questions arise. Will population aging be accompanied by a longer period of good health, a sustained sense of well-being, and extended periods of social engagement and productivity, or will it be associated with more illness, disability, and dependency? How will aging affect health care and social costs? Are these futures inevitable, or can we act to establish a physical and social infrastructure that might foster better health and wellbeing in older age? How will population aging play out differently for low-income countries that will age faster than their counterparts have, but before they become industrialized and wealthy?”.
Population aging becoming more powerful and transforming demographic force.Today, on the tireless efforts of health organization we are beginning to understand the impact of this force at both the national and global levels.World health organization(WHO) on her just new research conducted on border age(old) resulted for adoption and declaration of 65years old as a maximum age for young or youth old.that according to average health quality and life expectancy and definition for a new criterion that divides human age are to be as follows;
1. 0 to 17 years old : Underage
2. 18 to 65 years old : Young or Youth People
3. 66 to 79 years old: Middle-aged People
4. 80 to 99 years old: Elderly or Senior
5. 100+ years old : Long-lived Elderly
– United Nations. World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision. http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp.
– World Health Organization Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE).http://www.who.int/healthinfo/systems/sage/en/
– European Commission. 2009 Ageing Report: Economic and Budgetary Projections for the EU-27 Member States (2008-2060). Brussels:European Communities, 2009. http://www.da.dk/bilag/publication14992_ageing_report.pdf.
– Beard J. and Richard S. Global Health and Aging,2011
– English Longitudinal Study of Ageing.http://www.ifs.org.uk/elsa/
Written By : Suleiman Bida
24th march,2018, Abuja